After almost three years living in Southeast Asia, there’s one time of year I always look forward to—green season. Tourists usually do their best to try and avoid the rainy season—but in Vietnam and Cambodia at least, the occasional downpour (usually short-lived and confined to the late afternoon) is worth enduring for the fresh air, verdant landscapes and new life that the rains bring.

To celebrate the end of winter and the beginning of green season in Northern Vietnam, we spent a long weekend in Pu Luong Nature Reserve, one of the country’s lesser-known ecotourism and trekking spots.

Remote, rustic and supremely beautiful, I think Pu Luong might be one of the last places in Vietnam where you can truly unplug. Where we stayed in Ban Hieu village, we couldn’t even get WIFI or 4G.

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© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Bamboo waterwheels are a common sight in Pu Luong Nature Reserve.
© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Transplanting a new crop of rice inside Pu Luong Nature Reserve.

Pu Luong (Pù Luông) is located on the cusp of Hoa Binh and Thanh Hoa provinces, about 160km southwest of Hanoi. It’s a popular weekend getaway for locals, but sees relatively few foreign visitors.

This makes a nice change from the nearby and wildly popular Mai Chau, which is overrun with tourists at this time of year.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
A patchwork of rice terraces outside Ban Hieu village, Pu Luong.

Pu Luong Nature Reserve (Khu bảo tồn Thiên nhiên Pù Luông) was established in 1999 to protect the area’s biodiversity. Inside the reserve, you’ll find a mix of pristine forest and cultivated rice terraces. It’s a perfect landscape for trekking, and multi-day hikes are a favourite activity.

A narrow highway bisects the reserve along the valley floor, connecting a series of small villages and hamlets. The southeastern corner of the reserve has a few clusters of homestays, making it a good place to base your visit.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Shimmering rice fields in Pu Luong.
© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
A set of bamboo waterwheels. We spotted these on the way to Ban Hieu village and climbed down the hillside for a closer look.

Pu Luong’s incredible waterwheels

Part of Pu Luong’s charm is the bamboo waterwheels that dot the landscape. The rice grown in these parts needs to be submerged to thrive (unlike mountain rice, which can be grown in dry paddies)—which requires a large volume of water.

Built by people from the Thai and Muong ethnic groups, the wheels harvest water from low-lying streams to feed the vast rice crops. They especially come in handy during the dry season and periods of drought when the water level is low.

You can find the waterwheels sitting all along the rocky streams that run through Pu Luong.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Pu Luong’s famous bamboo waterwheels. Simple, but effective.

When you see them up close, you realise how starkly simple but effective the waterwheels are. The wheel spins slowly of its own accord, propelled by the running stream. Lengths of bamboo pipe scoop up small amounts of water and once at the top, dispense it into a bamboo tube.

The water then flows along an elevated bamboo pipeline. This one was particularly complex, running for several metres through neighbouring fields. Once it’s reached its destination, the water trickles out from the bamboo and tops up the paddies. If the rice field is terraced, any overflow spills over the mud dykes into the field next door.

I assume there’s a way to turn the wheels on and off by stopping them from spinning. Otherwise, they can just be left to run, delivering fresh water around the clock without the need for electric pumps or anyone to carry the water by hand.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Transplanting rice in Pu Luong.

The end result! Rice paddies full to the brim with fresh water. When we visited Pu Luong, farmers were still in the first stage of rice production—transplanting their neon-green seedlings.

Where to stay in Pu Luong Nature Reserve

Ban Hieu (Bản Hiêu) is a small village in Co Lung district in the southeastern corner of the reserve. Shaded by dramatic mountain peaks and surrounded by rice terraces, it’s an idyllic little hamlet of thatched houses.

There is a collection of at least five homestays in Ban Hieu, each one a little further up the mountainside than the last. The village is only accessible by foot or motorbike.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Our room at Ban Hieu Garden Lodge.

We stayed at Ban Hieu Garden Lodge, one of the first homestays you come to after leaving the main road. They offer dorm-style rooms in a traditional stilted house plus two bungalows. The host family doesn’t speak much English, but they are very kind and accommodating.

The bungalows are beautifully furnished and very comfortable, with private bathrooms and hot water showers. Meals—plentiful and made with fresh vegetables from the garden—are available at an extra cost.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
The cabbage garden at Ban Hieu Garden Lodge. Most of the food we ate in Pu Luong was incredibly fresh and healthy.

There is another collection of homestays in the Lang Bang area, west of Ban Hieu and closer to the highway. The popular Pu Luong Retreat is also located here. We passed this area on our way out of the park, and from the looks of it, the landscape is more mountainous.

Personally, I would recommend Ban Hieu because it’s quieter and the area looked more suitable for easy trekking.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Trekking outside Ban Hieu village.

Trekking in Pu Luong Nature Reserve

Most tourists come to Pu Luong to trek. Guided multi-day hikes through the park are popular—we saw a few trekkers passing through Ban Hieu and overnighting at the homestays there. If, like us, you are coming to relax, small walks in and around Ban Hieu village will more than suffice.

You don’t have to go very up the mountain behind the village before the dramatic rice terraces reveal themselves. Around the valley floor, you’ll find pretty hamlets, shallow waterfalls, and plenty of those famous waterwheels to admire.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
A family heads out to their field outside Ban Hieu village.

When is the best time to visit Pu Luong?

I always recommend people come to Southeast Asia during green season. The weather is pleasant, there are far fewer tourists around, and best of all, the landscape is lush and green.

We visited Pu Luong in early March and had perfect conditions (cool nights, sunshine, and neon-green rice paddies). The second-best time to visit would be harvest season, when the rice fields turn to shades of yellow and gold.

© Emily Lush 2018 | Pu Luong Nature Reserve
Pu Luong in early March—the beginning of green season.

How to get to Pu Luong Nature Reserve

Pu Luong is peaceful because it’s also remote. Transport options for getting both in and out, and around the reserve are thus pretty limited. There are no local buses going to Pu Luong from Hanoi.

From my experience, I’d say having your own transportation is pretty much essential. We travelled in and out of Ban Hieu by private car, but you could also get around on motorbike. Book a private car transfer to and from Pu Luong here, or check bus times for Hanoi to Pu Luong here on Bookaway.

From Hanoi, the drive to Pu Luong takes around 4.5 hours on very windy roads. It’s best to break the journey in either Ninh Binh or Mai Chau. We drove into the reserve from Ninh Binh and out the other (northern) end. Both stretches of road were scenic and offered interesting stopovers—mainly fields and waterwheels on the way in, and shimming rice terraces on the way out.

If you’re planning to visit Pu Luong and need help with logistics, Toan Duong is the best person to talk to. He can help with transport, accommodation, and also organise multi-day treks.

Getting to Pu Luong takes a bit of extra effort (and money), but it’s well worth it for the breathtaking landscapes, lovely homestays and solitude. Pu Luong Nature Reserve is without a doubt one of my favourite places to visit in Vietnam.

Vietnam essentials

Here are the booking sites and services I personally use whenever I travel to Vietnam.

Have you travelled in Vietnam during green season? Where is your favourite spot?

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  1. Il looks wonderful! I’m going in 1 month for 4 weeks to Vietnam and was thinking of going to Pu Luong. And I definitively want to go after reading this! However how did you organise this trip? Have you used a local travel agency or did you book everything by yourself? I’m having a tough time to know: if I have to organise it when arriving in Vietnam, or now while I’m still in France; who to contact to find a local guide, a homestay and a transport (Hanoi-Pu Luong: I haven’t found it on Toan Duong’s website).
    I’ll really be grateful if you have some time to answer my questionings.
    Thank you for your post and your beautiful pictures!

    1. Hi Mathilde,

      Glad to hear that! Pu Luong is a really beautiful place. I would definitely recommend organising in advance because Pu Luong is a bit more remote.

      The easiest option is to travel from Hanoi to Ninh Binh independently (I have a post about that here:, spend a night or two in Ninh Binh, then organise with Toan to travel from Ninh Binh to Pu Luong. That’s what we did.

      I hope this helps!

  2. This looks amazing! Just looking at all that lush greenery is uplifting. I’ve never been to Vietnam but your photographs have inspired me.

    Also, I’m in love with your instagram feed 🙂

  3. Wow this looks amazing! We spent one month living in Nha Trang Vietnam and then traveled north through Hoi An, Da Nang, Hue, Vinh, and Hanoi but never saw scenery like this. Makes me want to go back to Vietnam already!

    1. Thanks Chantell! The landscape west of Hanoi is just spectacular. There’s so much to see in Vietnam—definitely warrants a return trip, I think. I haven’t been back to Hoi An or the coast yet, but it’s definitely on my list 🙂

  4. A little rain never hurt anyone! I could just imagine how it feels to walk in that mud. I would love to watch or even help (unless I was too much of a hindrance!). Great post!

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